Earth cycles

1785

Earth cycles

The book of science

Tom Sharp

James Hutton geology

Earth cycles

Hutton’s unconformity

Endless cycles

James Hutton is known as the father of geology. The first geologists, including James Hutton and James Hall, boosted by the empiricism of the Scottish Enlightenment, presented the first challenge to the orthodox religious teaching. Hutton read his Theory of the earth before the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1785. Hutton was the Plutonist (a catastrophic geologist) who proposed the principle of uniformitarianism to argue against Neptunism (also catastrophic geology). Carried to its logical conclusion, uniformitarianism overthrew all of catastophism, culminating in 1830 with the publication of Principles of geology by Charles Lyell.

In 1669, Nicolas Steno was the first person to declare that fossils didn’t grow in rocks, but he gave up his scientific pursuits to join the Catholic church and become a priest.

See also in The book of science:

Readings on wikipedia: