Camillo Golgi and Joseph von Gerlach were proponents of the
reticular theory—that the ends of axons of nerve cells fuse
with other nerve cells to form a continuous “fine nerve
fibre network.” Santiago Ramón y Cajal proved them
wrong. Cajal established the neuron theory—that each nerve
cell is self-contained but communicates with other cells.
Eventually, the connection between the axon and other cells was
named the synapse by Charles Sherrington.
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