“Objectivists” 1927-1934 Section 1 - History 1927-1928 Contents

Notes - Section 1 - History 1927-1928

1 “The Exile,” Exile, 1 (Spring 1927), 89-90; partly reprinted, with other excerpts from the Exile, in Impact: Essays on Ignorance and the Decline of American Civilization, ed. Noel Stock (Chicago: Henry Regnery, 1960), p. 222; and in Selected Prose 1909-1965, ed. William Cookson (New York: New Directions, 1973), p. 214.

2 “Desideria,” Exile, 3 (Spring 1928), 108; Impact, pp. 222-223.

3 “Program: ‘Objectivists’ 1931,” Poetry: A Magazine of Verse, 37, 5 (February 1931), 268.

4 “The Exile,” Exile (Spring 1928), 102-107, No. 12.

5 “From the Editor of ‘The Exile,’” Poetry, 30, 3 (June 1927), 174-175, dated “Rapallo, Italy: March 20, 1927.”

6“Data,” Exile, 4 (Autumn 1928), 104-106: “Sic: Contemporary americo-english non-commercial literature struggled into being in”: the English Review, 1908-1909, edited by Ford Madox Heuffer (Ford), the Egoist, c. 1912-1919, Poetry from 1912 for “the Don’ts of an Imagist, the Imagist manifesto, since betrayed by neglecters of its second specification,” the Little Review, 1917-1919, the Dial from 1920, the Transatlantic Review, 1924, edited by F. M. Ford, “The Three Mountains and Contact Presses in Paris” from 1923—McAlmon’s presses, and the Exile.

Exile 1 (Spring 1927) was printed in Dijon, France, at Pound’s expense (see “Interaction,” Exile 3 [Spring 1928], 109), and contains Pound’s “Part of Canto XX,” Guy Hickock’s “Or Those Synthetic States,” Ernest Hemingway’s “Neothomist Poem” (“The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not / want him for long”—title misprinted “Notheomist”), the first installment of John Rodker’s story “Adolphe 1920,” Richard Aldington’s “Natal Verses for the Birth of a New Review,” and a five-page editorial.

Exile 2 (Autumn 1927) was published in Chicago by Pascal Covici and contains the continuation of Rodker’s “Adolphe 1920,” R. C. Dunning’s “Threnody in Sapphics,” Pound’s “Prolegomena” (see Section 23), Carl Rakosi’s four poems (see Section 2), Robert McAlmon’s short story “Truer than Most Accounts,” Stella Breen’s short story “My Five Husbands,” Joe Gould’s “A Chapter from Joe Gould’s Oral History: Art,” “Modern Thought” (a page of quotations from Mussoli Lenin, Gourmount, and McAlmon), and four pages of editorials.

Exile 3 (Spring 1928), published again by Covici, began with W. B. Yeats’s “Sailing to Byzantium” and “Blood and the Moon.” Zukofsky’s “Poem beginning ‘The’” followed. Then Pound’s “Part of Canto XXII,” Rodker’s “Adolphe 1920” (continued), R. C. Dunning’s short story “Tony,” Pound’s editorial “Dunning” including Dunning’s poem “Shadows,” Dunning’s “Poems from the Four Winds,” Payson Loomis’ poem “Don’t Wake Me Up Yet,” Morley Callaghan’s prose piece “Ancient Lineage,” Clifford Gesseler’s “Waikiki (Three Sonnets),” Howard Weeks’ “Stunt Piece,” Herman Spector’s prose piece “Cloaks and Suits,” and then “More Bolshevik Atrocities (With acknowledgment to the Chicago Tribune) Text and Subtitles from Paris edition 1 Dec. 1927,” and eight pages of editorials.

Exile 4 (Autumn 1928), the final issue, published by Covici Friede in New York, began with twenty-nine pages of editorials: “Simplicities,” “Bureaucracy the Flail of Jehovah,” “Peace,” “Article 211,” and “The City.” Next came William Carlos Williams’ “The Descent of Winter” (edited by Zukofsky), Robert McAlmon’s essay “Gertrude Stein,” and five works by Louis Zukofsky: an essay “Mr. Cummings and the Delectable Mountains,” three poems—“Preface—1927,” “Critique of Antheil (Sunday Night, April 10, 1927, his Premiere in America),” and “Constellation: In Memory of V. I. Ulianov” (see Section 5)—and “A Preface.”

Then followed John Cournos’ “Poems,” Samuel Putnam’s “Correspondence,” Falkoff’s story “The Rope” translated by Mark Kliorin, Benjamin Peret’s “Les Cheveaux dans les Yeux” (in French—“a forward to Joan Miro’s exhibition”), three parodic, editorial advertisements, Carl Rakosi’s “Extracts of a Private Life,” and a final editorial, “Data.”

7 Pound/Zukofsky: Selected Letters of Ezra Pound and Louis Zukofsky. Ed. Barry Ahearn, New York: New Directions, 1987, pp. 6-7, No. 3. Mentioned in Pound, Letter to Zukofsky, 31 August 1928, Yale.

8 Zukofsky, Letter to Pound, 14 March 1928, Yale. 35 1-19

9 Pound, Letter to Zukofsky, 31 July 1928, Yale. Pound was once “anxious to run the Mercure de France,” according to Amy Lowell, who refused him the necessary money. Lowell, Letter to Monroe, 15 September 1914, in S. Foster Damon, Amy Lowell: A Chronicle (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1935), p. 237.

10 Pound, Letter to Zukofsky, 12 August 1928, Montemora, 8 (1981), 149-152. Pound/Zukofsky, pp. 11-15, No. 6. The original letter is divided between Yale and the Humanities Research Center, University of Texas at Austin; location hereafter cited as Austin. For information on Steiglitz, see Mike Weaver, William Carlos Williams: The American Background (Cambridge: the University Press, 1971), pp. 55-58.

11 Zukofsky, Letter to Pound, misdated 12 August 1928, Montemora (1981), 153-154.

12 Pound, Letter to Zukofsky, 31 August 1928, Yale.

13 Zukofsky, Letters to Pound, 5 and 19 September 1928, Yale.

14 Pound, Letter to Zukofsky, 6 September 1928, Humanities Research Center, University of Texas at Austin.

15 Pound, Letter to Zukofsky, 21 October 1928, Humanities Research Center, University of Texas at Austin.

16 Alan R. Jones, The Life and Opinions of T. E. Hulme (Boston: Beacon, 1960), p. 32 and Layeh A. Bock, “The Birth of Modernism: ‘Des lmagistes’ and the Psychology of William James,” Diss. Stanford 1980, p. 260. On pp. 264-265, Bock includes Pound’s poem dedicated to Hulme and Fitzgerald, which was (Pound’s note) “written for the cenacle of 1909,” from Des Imagistes: An Anthology (New York: Albert and Charles Boni, 1914), pp. 57-58.

17 Literary Essays, p. 3. Pound refers to F. S. Flint, “Contemporary French Poetry,” Poetry Review (August 1911).

18 See Amy Lowell, pp. 196ff.

19 Pound, Gaudier-Brzeska: A Memoir (1916; rpt. New York: New Directions, 1970), pp. 18-19.

20 Gaudier-Brzeska, p. 25.

21 Pound, Letter to Vogel, 21 November 1928, The Selected Letters, pp. 219-221, No. 231. Here Vogel is named “James” instead of “Joseph.”

22 Pound, Letter to Vogel, 23 January 1929, The Selected Letters, p. 222, No. 234.

23Pound, Letter to Zukofsky, 12 August 1928, Montemora (1981), 149-152.

24 Zukofsky, Letter to Pound, 22 October 1928, Yale.

25Pound, Letters to Zukofsky, 2 and 3 November 1928, Humanities Research Center, University of Texas at Austin, and Yale.

26 Zukofsky, Letter to Pound, 19 November 1928, Yale.

27 Pound, Letter to Zukofsky, 26 November 1928, Yale.