Galileo Galilei rushed a full description of his findings into
print, publishing Sidereus Nuncius (“Starry
Message”) in March 1610. Other astronomers were not far
behind him, confirming his observations. The Catholic Church was
upset with Galileo’s confirmation of Copernican
heliocentrism, banning his books for over two hundred years.
See also in The book of science:
Readings on wikipedia: