Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge
was the first to identify caffeine, coal-tar dyes, a precursor of quinine,
and carbolic acid. Runge derived carbolic acid from coal tar,
which was confused with creosote, known to protect wood from rotting.
Therefore, Joseph Lister used carbolic acid to sterilize surgical gauze.
Listerine was named after Joseph Lister.
See also in The book of science:
Readings on wikipedia: