Do not confuse mitosis with meiosis, miosis, myositis, myosotis,
amitosis, acidosis, or halitosis.
Meiosis is a form of mitosis that results in germ cells
(with half the chromosomes of the parent).
Flemming was not aware of the laws of inheritance;
working out the relation between chromosomes, mitosis, and genetics
took another twenty years.
See also in The book of science:
Readings on wikipedia: