Cartesian coordinates

1637 Cartesian coordinates

The book of science

Tom Sharp

René Descartes geometry

Cartesian coordinates

Analytic geometry


Nicole Oresme and Pierre de Fermat independently invented two-dimensional and three-dimensional coordinate systems, but the publication by Descartes in 1637 had a huge influence, including facilitating the development of calculus by Newton and Leibniz. Descartes used only a single axis; commentators including Frans van Schooten added the second perpendicular axis.

See also in The book of science:

Readings on wikipedia:

Other readings: