Casimir effect

1948 Casimir effect

The book of science

Tom Sharp

Hendrik Casimir, Dirk Polder quantum mechanics

Casimir effect

One atmosphere

“Sewing Vacuum”

Empty space is empty only in that all excitations of the quantum field—all spins, polarizations, energies, masses, and momentums—eventually cancel each other out; however, in the short term, between two plates close enough together, we see that the term “virtual particles” describes particles that may be transient but are as real as other particles.

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