1774 Combustion

The book of science

Tom Sharp

Uppsala, London, ParisJoseph Priestley, Carl Wilhelm Scheele, Antoine Lavoisier elements Combustion




Phlogistón is “burning up” in Greek. Antoine Lavoisier named the inert part of air azote for “lifeless” in Greek, but in English we call it nitrogen. The Scottish physician Daniel Rutherford discovered nitrogen in 1772, it was isolated first by Joseph Priestley in 1774, and it was named by the French chemist Jean-Antoine Chaptal in 1790 because it was found in nitric acid, “nitre-forming” in Greek.

See also in The book of science:

Readings on wikipedia:

Other readings:

  • Oxygenium Oxygen,” Elementymology & Elements Multidict, by Peter van der Krogt