|Alfred Russel Wallace, Edward Bagnall evolution|
- Bright colors warn;
- fangs warn;
- snarls menace.
- People assumed
- bright colors
- attract predators.
- Alfred Russel Wallace
- first suggested
- warning coloration
- warned predators.
- Edward Bagnall Poulton
- coined the term
- from the Greek words
- apo, away
- and sema, sign.
- Octogonal red stop signs;
- triangular yields;
- cars flashing and honking;
- appliances beep;
- efforts to improve safety
- create a landscape of danger signs.
- Clearwing butterflies disappear, petals in the wind.
- Leaf butterflies fold their wings to hide as leaves.
- Ineditable butterflies advertise with colors and heavy flight
- and editable butterflies mimic the ineditable ones.
- Mussels from Caledonia decorate their shells
- with an ancient indecipherable script.
- Ice crystals assume the shape of ferns and flowers
- and seek the light just as any in the vegetable kingdom.
- Drops of oil shape themselves to devour a substance
- just as animals, amœbae, reach for nourishment.
Don’t tread on me
- Conspicuous humans smear mud on their faces
- to blend into the jungle.
- Red and yellow, black and white,
- contrast nicely with green folliage,
- to signal do not mess with us.