|Alfred Russel Wallace, Edward Bagnall Poulton evolution
Bright colors warn; fangs warn; snarls menace. People assumed bright colors attract predators. Alfred Russel Wallace first suggested warning coloration warned predators. Edward Bagnall Poulton coined the term from the Greek words apo, away and sema, sign.
Octogonal red stop signs; triangular yields; cars flashing and honking; appliances beep; efforts to improve safety create a landscape of danger signs.
Clearwing butterflies disappear, petals in the wind. Leaf butterflies fold their wings to hide as leaves. Ineditable butterflies advertise with colors and heavy flight and editable butterflies mimic the ineditable ones. Mussels from Caledonia decorate their shells with an ancient indecipherable script. Ice crystals assume the shape of ferns and flowers and seek the light just as any in the vegetable kingdom. Drops of oil shape themselves to devour a substance just as animals, amœbae, reach for nourishment.
Don’t tread on me
Conspicuous humans smear mud on their faces to blend into the jungle. Red and yellow, black and white, contrast nicely with green folliage, to signal do not mess with us.